Millets are small-seeded grasses that are hardy and grow well in dry zones as rain-fed crops, under marginal conditions of soil fertility and moisture. Millets are one of the oldest foods known to humans
Millet Types

  • Pearl millet - Kambu
  • Foxtail millet- Thenai
  • Proso millet- Panivaragu
  • Finger millet - Kelvaragu
  • Barnyard millet- Kuthiravali
  • Kodo millet – Varagu
  • Little millet – Samai
  • Sorgum - Cholam

Millets Health Benefits
1. Millet is alkaline and it digests easily.
2. The Hunzas – who live in a remote area of the Himalayan foothills and are known for their excellent health and longevity – enjoy millet as a staple in their     diet.
3. Millet will hydrate your colon to keep you from being constipated.
4. The serotonin in millet is calming to your moods.
5. Millet is a smart carb with lots of fiber and low simple sugars. Because of this it has a relatively low glycemic index and has been shown to produce lower     blood sugar levels     than wheat or rice.
7. Magnesium in millet can help reduce the effects of migraines and heart attacks.
8. Niacin (vitamin B3) in millet can help lower cholesterol.
9. Millet consumption decreases triglycerides and C-reactive protein. Scientists in Seoul, South Korea concluded that millet may be useful in preventing     cardiovascular disease. Nutrition Research. April 2010; 30(4):290-6.
10. All millet varieties show high antioxidant activity. A team of biochemists analyzed the antioxidant activity; all varieties showed high antioxidant activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 9 June 2010; 58(11):6706-14.
11. Millet is gluten-free and non-allergenic. A great grain for sensitive individuals.
12. Millet’s high protein content (15 percent) makes is a substantial addition to a vegetarian diet.


Pearl Millet/Kambu
Eating bajra provides us with disease fighting phytochemicals that lower cholesterol, antioxidants, plenty of fibre, folate, iron, magnesium, copper, zinc, vitamins-E and B-complex, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. It is a gluten free grain. It is noted for its high iron content.

Bajra has immense health benefits and uses.

  • Bajra has some medicinal properties when bread is eaten with honey in the morning. It is specially effective for bleeding piles, epilepsy, insomnia, impotency, high blood pressure, diabetes and tuberculosis.
  • It is easily digestible and has the lowest probability of causing allergic reactions.
  • Bajra, being gluten free, is a very good food choice for those suffering from celiac disease who cannot tolerate gluten.
  • It is highly effective and recommended for cases of severe constipation and stomach ulcers.
  • The presence of phytic acid and niacin in bajra helps in lowering the cholesterol.
  • Being rich in fiber content , bajra is good for diabetics, keeping the glucose levels normal.
  • This whole grain supports weight loss as the high fiber content leads to a feeling of fullness for a prolonged period of time.
  • It is helpful in maintaining cardiovascular health and in acidity problems.

Excessive eating of these grains causes high uric acid deposits in the system. So people with kidney and rheumatic diseases should use it with care.

Foxtail Millet/ Thenai
Foxtail millet is the gluten free grain which is one of the most world's cultivated crops. In older days the people used the thinai to make ThenumThinamaavum (Honey and Foxtail millet flour),

  • Foxtail millet may help control blood sugar and cholesterol. 
  • Sprouting millet makes some minerals.
  • It has high antioxidant activity.
  • It decreases triglycerides and C-reactive protein.
  • Proso millet- Panivaragu

It is completely gluten free, has significant amounts of carbohydrates and fatty acids. Apart from these, it also contains essential minerals like phosphorus, manganese, magnesium etc.

Proso Millet
Health benefits of Proso Millet

1. Beneficial in anti-ageing
2. Beneficial for nervous system
3. Useful for strengthening bones
4. Beneficial in preventing cardiac diseases
5. Helps to lower cholesterol
6. Decreases risk of cancer
7. Rich source of essential Phosphorus
8. Help prevent gall stones

Barnyard millet- Kuthiravali

  • Useful for memory development
  • Ensure good physical health
  • Useful for patients
  • Cancer
  • Aids
  • Obesity



  • It is a very good source of proteins.
  • It contains essential nutrients like iron, calcium, potassium, and phosphorous.
  • It contains good amounts of B-vitamins like thiamin and riboflavin
  • Sorghum is rich in phytochemicals including tannins, phenolic acids and anthocyanins. Studies have shown that sorghum can reduce the risk of certain types of cancer in humans. The phytochemical levels are so high in this millet that they have shown potential usefulness in reducing obesity as well.
  • Sorghum is also known to be heart healthy.
  • Sorghum rotis are commonly eaten in India. Sorghum flour can be mixed with other flours to make multi grain flour. The flour can also be used to make pancakes, chappatis, chips and porridge


Kodu Millet/Varagu
Kodo millet was domesticated in India almost 3000 years ago. It is found across the old world in humid habitats of tropics and subtropics. It is a minor grain crop in India, and an important crop in the Deccan plateau. Its cultivation in India is generally confined to Gujarat, Karnataka and parts of Tamil Nadu. Kodo is an annual tufted grass that grows up to 90 cm high. The grain is enclosed in hard, corneous, persistent husks that are difficult to remove. The grain may vary in colour from light red to dark grey. The fibre content of the whole grain is very high. As with other food grains, the nutritive value of Kodo millet protein could be improved by upplementation with legume protein.

Little millet/Samai
Samai is another reliable catch crop in view of its earliness and resistance to adverse agro - climatic conditions of high drought as well as water logging. It is grown throughout India and a traditional crop of Karnataka. It has received comparatively little attention from plant breeders. The plant varies in height between 30 and 90 cm and its oblong panicle varies in length between 14 and 40 cm. It is mostly mix cropped with other millets, pulses and oilseeds. The seeds of little millet are smaller than those of common millet. It is generally consumed as rice and any recipe that demands staple rice can be prepared using little millet.

Finger Millet/Ragi/Kelvaragu

Health Benefits of Ragi

  • Rich in calcium
  • Helps in weight loss
  • High in fibre content
  • Battles Anemia
  • Reduces the risk of stroke
  • Boosts lactation
  • Good baby food
  • Gluten free

Disclamier: This content is provided for educational and information purpose only. These content has been collected through various sources. Major content of this page has been taken from different website and from various farmers. No action shoiuld be taken solely on the content provided. Readers should consult concerned siddha or ayurvedic or naturopathy prodessionlas on usage relating to  their health and well being. Readers who fail to do may assume the risk of any injuries and management is not responsible.

No. 80A/1, G.N.Chetty
Road, T.Nagar,
Chennai - 600 017.